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CITAM Karen, Kenya,
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COVID-19 FAQs

Coronavirus

COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. (Source: WHO)
Category: Coronavirus

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans.
In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the
common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes
coronavirus disease COVID-19.
(Source: WHO)

Category: Coronavirus

The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some
patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea.
These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but don’t
develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell. Most people (about 80%) recover from the
disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical
attention.
(Source: WHO)

Category: Coronavirus

You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some
simple precautions:
Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with
soap and water.
Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses
that may be on your hands.
Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or
mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.
Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can
transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and
can make you sick.
Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means
covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then
dispose of the used tissue immediately.
Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people
around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.
Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical
attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in
your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the
right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other
infections.
(Source: WHO)

Category: Coronavirus

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